Net Income vs Gross Income: What’s the Difference?


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Is net income a profit?

Profit simply means the revenue that remains after expenses; it exists on several levels, depending on what types of costs are deducted from revenue. Net income, also known as net profit, is a single number, representing a specific type of profit. Net income is the renowned bottom line on a financial statement.

Essentially, net income is your gross income minus taxes and other paycheck deductions. To calculate it, begin with your gross income or the amount you earn from all taxable wages, tips and any income you make from investments, like interest and dividends. Net income is the amount of money a company makes over a period of time after it accounts for all of its expenses incurred over that same period – it’s profit as opposed to revenue.

What is Gross vs Net?

Browse our blog posts, white papers, tools and guides on topics related to direct sourcing. Understand the benefits of direct sourcing and how to implement a direct sourcing program. Find resources, blog posts, tools and guides related to contracts and finance. Net income after taxes is an accounting term most often found in an annual report, and used to show the company’s definitive bottom line. Penney has been one of the many retailers that have experienced financial hardship over the past several years. Below is a comparison of the company’s gross profit and net income in 2017, as well as an update from 2020. Gross profit refers to a company’s profits after subtracting the costs of producing and distributing its products.

  • As the healthcare industry expands, they are shifting to implement contingent workforce programs that expand their reach and provide sustainable growth.
  • If your business has any income, you have profit, but separating your profit into categories helps calculate your business’s true financial standing.
  • Gross income provides insight as to how effective a company is at generating profit from its production process and sales initiatives.
  • Financial reporting can be complex, but knowing the types of income can help assess a company’s performance.

Penney had reported a net loss of $93 million in the same quarter in 2019. Skylar Clarine is a fact-checker and expert in personal finance with a range of experience including veterinary technology and film studies.

The difference between gross and net income

Discover a wealth of knowledge to help you tackle payroll, HR and benefits, and compliance. Some common expense fraud examples are fictitious purchases, padded reports, and inflated costs submitted for reimbursement. Here are two simple examples of net income to illustrate how the calculation works in the real world. Net revenue is revenue minus any adjustments, so you should also subtract $100 to get a net revenue of $48,900. Thus, net revenue will give you a more complete picture of your revenue.

  • Your net income is your gross income minus everything that your employer or the government withholds from your paycheck..
  • Gross income helps managers to track a business’s sales volume, as opposed to profitability.
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  • Pay Schedule Pay Periods Weekly 52 Bi-weekly 26 Semi-monthly 24 Monthly 12 To calculate gross pay for hourly workers, multiply the hourly rate by the hours worked during a pay period.
  • Take this total and subtract it from your total monthly net income or take-home pay.
  • For example, let’s say a manufacturing plant produced 5,000 automobiles in one quarter, and the company paid $15,000 in rent for the building.

Gross and net income doesn’t just apply to business finances, but can also be used to describe an individual’s salary. In these cases, gross income simply refers to baseline salary, whereas net income refers to take-home pay after deductions, taxes, and so on. In this article, we’re mainly focusing on gross and net income as it relates to your business’s finances. Gross is the whole or total amount of something, while net is what remains from the whole once some deductions have been made. For example, a business with a revenue of $5 million and expenses of $1 million has a gross revenue of $5 million and a net income of $4 million .

Examples of Gross Items

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Gross pay will typically be the top figure you see before any deductions have been made. Your net pay will then be the last number at the bottom of your payslip and should be consistent with the amount of money deposited in your bank account. This is the money that goes into your pension—usually a percentage of your gross salary.

When you have a major change in your life, such as having a baby or becoming the head of a household, you should complete a new W-4. Doing so ensures the right amount of taxes are being taken from your paycheck. Adding a new dependent could reduce the amount of taxes you pay, therefore increasing your net income, for example. Our experts have been helping you master your money for over four decades. We continually strive to provide consumers with the expert advice and tools needed to succeed throughout life’s financial journey. There are also many instances of net items that appear in financial statements. If you are looking to outsource Paychex can help you manage HR, payroll, benefits, and more from our industry leading all-in-one solution.

What is net income vs. gross income?

Gross income and net income are two different metrics you can use to evaluate a company’s profitability. These numbers are useful when evaluating your own personal finances, too. Gross income is the total income from a company that includes all revenue and sources of income.Net income is sometimes referred to as net earnings and is the total gross income minus all expenses, taxes, and deductions.

After figuring out how much you take home, look at what that is during the course of one month. You’ll want to know this number because most bills require monthly payments. To better manage your cash flow and maximize your tax deductions,… Dock David Treece is a contributor who has written extensively about business finance, including SBA loans and alternative lending. He previously worked as a financial advisor and registered investment advisor, as well as served on the FINRA Small Firm Advisory Board.

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A tax or legal advisor can help determine the best business structure for tax reporting purposes. Thus, the two calculations are based on different sets of information, and are used in different types of analyses. Think of it as the profit you’ve made from the services you provide—the sum of all your client billings before any deductions, taxes, or withholding. For example, a company might increase its gross profit while simultaneously mishandling its debt by borrowing too much. The additional interest expense for servicing the debt could lead to a reduction in net income despite the company’s successful sales and production efforts. Understanding the differences between gross profit vs. net income can help investors determine whether a company is earning a profit, and if not, where the company is losing money.


On the other hand, net income is the profit that remains after all expenses and costs have been subtracted from revenue. Net income or net profit helps investors determine a company’s overall profitability, which reflects on how effectively a company has been managed. Your taxable income is what’s left after subtracting standard deductions, and it can be significantly less than your gross income. Your gross income is more than just a starting point on your tax forms, though. That figure is also useful to lenders and landlords so they can determine whether they will loan you money or rent you a property. Instead, your taxable income is known as your adjusted gross income .